Malignant Pleural MesotheliomaMesothelioma can be take different
forms. Once specific form is malignant pleural
mesothelioma. This is different from benign mesothelioma which
is much less dangerous. Malignant pleural mesothelioma
is a rare form of cancer that is an uncontrolled growth of a
tumor in the sac lining of the chest or abdominal cavity. When
pleural mesothelioma becomes malignant and starts spreading it
cause the cells to start invading the nearby organs and
damaging them leading to dangerous complications. This
type of mesothelioma is the most common and accounts for
nearly 70% of all cases. Generally it is due to exposure
to asbestos over 20 years ago.
In order for doctors to diagnosis a person with pleural
mesothelioma they will look for early symptoms like shortness
of breath, difficulty swallowing and coughing up blood.
Because these are general cancer symptoms, it is rare to
receive an early diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma. More
commonly a doctor will need to do a full medical history and
look for exposure to asbestos in the last 20-30 years.
The doctor will use medical scans like a CT scan or CAT scan
and MRI scans. Using this prelimary research they will
decide whether a biopsy is needed. If there is enough
evidence, they will use a needle to to biopsy the tissue of
the sac lining and remove some fluid for testing.
Once the doctor has made a diagnosis of malignant
pleural mesothelioma they will treat the patient by suregy
(either pallitive, pleurectomy surgery or extrapleural
pneumonectomy), radiation therapy which uses x-rays to kill
the malignant area or chemotherapy (also known as a systemic
treatment). Click here for more information about mesothelioma
There are also several clinical trials dealing with
malignant mesothelioma. The British Thoracic Society is
currently recruiting patients with epithelial mesothelioma,
localized malignant mesothelioma, advanced malignant
mesothelioma, and others to test a possible new Phase III
trial to compare the effectiveness of active symptom
control for patients who have malignant pleural
mesothelioma. Click here for more information about research articles
and clinical trials.